Introduction To Java Programming

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Evolution Of Programming Language

  • Fortran(Assembler Based), a formula translation was developed in 1957.
  • Algol (Assembler Based), algorithm based was developed in 1960.
  • BCPL (Assembler Based), basic combine programming language ,developed in 1963.
  • CPL (Assembler Based),combineprogramming language developed in 1967.
  • B language(Interpreter Based) developed by Martin Richie in 1970.
  • C language(Compiler Based) developed by Denis Richie in 1972.It is a procedural oriented programming.
  • C++ (Compiler Based)developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1980.It is a object oriented programming.

Java was developed by James Gosling in 1991.It was given the name “OAK” which was later  renamed to JAVA in 1995 by Sun Microsystem.Java was later acquired by Oracle corporation in 2008.


The Java Development Kit (JDK) is a software development environment used for developing Java applications and applets. It includes the Java Runtime Environment (JRE), an interpreter/loader (java), a compiler (javac), an archiver (jar), a documentation generator (javadoc) and other tools needed in Java development.


The Java virtual machine (JVM) is a software implementation of a computer that executes programs like a real machine. Java programs are compiled by the Java compiler into bytecode. The Java virtual machine interprets this bytecode and executes the Java program.

We have two methods to compile and execute the code

  • Manual:-
  • using notepad and command prompt(javac compile), java filename (to execute))
  • IDE’s(Intergrated Development Environment):-
  • NetBeans
  • Eclipse
  • Dr java.
  • Java is a platform independent language.
  • Java is Global.
  • Java is secure as code is encapsulated.

Program to print Hello World

/* This is a simple Java program. 
   FileName : "". */
class helloworld 
    // Your program begins with a call to main(). 
    // Prints "Hello, World" to the terminal window. 
    public static void main(String args[]) 
        System.out.println("Hello, World"); 


Hello, World

This example has been used to give you an overview of printing hello world in Java

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